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Distance Learning in NC

Distance Learning in North Carolina

The North Carolina Community College System (NCCCS) utilizes distance learning technologies, including telecourses, interactive video and Web-based courses, to provide students across the state with increased access to training and education.

Distance learning (DL) enrollments have risen significantly since online course delivery began to augment telecourse and videoconference courses.  Moreover, an increasing number of community colleges prefer distance learning courses as the following chart indicates.
 
Growth and Importance of Distance Learning

Currently, all 58 North Carolina community colleges provide distance learning courses in an attempt to meet the growing needs for instructional delivery in their service areas.  In 2006-07, NCCCS distance learning delivery totaled 328,621 duplicated registrations.  These were composed of online instruction, videoconferencing, telecourses/teleweb, and hybrid courses (a blend of face-to-face and online instruction).  In addition, most colleges also provided web supplements for traditional courses.  Similar growth rates have been identified in Occupational and Continuing Education online courses.  The following tables show the distance learning registrations and rate of growth for curriculum and continuing education courses in the NCCCS.

CURRICULUM DISTANCE LEARNING COURSE REGISTRATIONS


Year

1999-00

2000-01

2001-02

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05*

2005-06*

2006-07

DL Registration

40,392

60,742

90,337

121,356

155,556

198,541

262,049

328,621

Rate of Growth

51.31%

50.38%

48.72%

34.34%

28.18%

27.63%

31.99%

25.45%

 

*Data reported in previous years have been adjusted. Source: NCCCS Data Warehouse (Duplicated Registrations)

OCCUPATIONAL AND CONTINUING EDUCATION DISTANCE LEARNING COURSE REGISTRATIONS


Year

2002-2003

2003-2004

2004-2005

2005-2006*

2006-2007

Number of Students

16,300

18,389

26,452

33,755

45,198

Rate of Growth

 

 12.82%

43.85%

27.61

 33.90%

*Data reported in previously have been adjusted. Source: NCCCS Data Warehouse

Distance learning courses are in great demand as they provide a tremendous benefit to adult learners in North Carolina. Distance learning provides learning opportunities directly to students at home or at work.  Statistically, the typical distance learner is a working parent with job and family responsibilities.  Removing scheduling, travel, and babysitting responsibilities increases the opportunities for education and the likelihood those students can enter and complete programs of study.  Current registration data suggests a trend is emerging whereby students are migrating to online and/or hybrid courses or a combination of online/hybrid and traditional courses.

CURRICULUM UNDUPLICATED HEADCOUNT BY COURSE METHOD OF INSTRUCTION

Distance Learning in NC

Numbers are individual students taking curriculum courses.

Advantages of Distance Learning Technologies

These technologies enable community colleges to:

  • Expand educational opportunities to all students, in every program, in every community.
  • Share courses among themselves.
  • Increase college access to students.
  • Participate in videoconferences for meetings, training, etc., thereby saving on travel expenses.
  • Share expertise in order to improve productivity.
  • Cooperate in the use of facilities and equipment.
  • Realize savings through the enterprise purchase of licenses for programs and services.
  • Offer computer-based courses that are not time-bound or place-bound.
  • Complement traditional courses with online resources
  • Offer “hybrid” courses that blend traditional instruction with distance learning technology– resulting in reduced face-to-face hours and classroom space requirements.

Centralized Purchase of Programming and Services—Telecourses

The North Carolina Community College System has developed a cost-effective process to centralize or “wholesale” the purchase and licensing of telecourses produced by independent vendors.  This results in a savings of 50 to 65 percent compared to what the cost would be if each college purchased its own licenses.

Interactive Video—The N. C. Integrated Information Network

Formerly known as the North Carolina Information Highway (NCIH), the N. C. Integrated Information Network (NCIIN), now provides videoconferencing technology to 47 community colleges and the System Office. There are a total of 76 sites, as some colleges have more than onsite on the same campus or a site at a satellite campus.  The map on page 37 identifies the location of the community colleges that have NCIIN video sites in each county.

The Data and NCIH Consolidation Project

Expansion of the NCIIN has been made possible by the Data and NCIH Consolidation Project, which is currently in the final stages of completion.  The purpose of the Consolidation Project was to: (1) maximize the effectiveness of available funding supporting NCCCS data and videoconferencing services; (2) improve the data capacity at each college; and (3) prepare for expansion of video services across the state.  To accomplish these objectives, two existing funding streams were consolidated.  The Consolidation Project was made possible by migration to the new industry standard for videoconferencing and updating data routing equipment.  The migration to the H.323 videoconferencing industry standard and upgrade of equipment has enabled NCCCS institutions to continue expansion of data and video services at an affordable rate.  As ITS continues to work on behalf of the NCCCS to improve data infrastructure, costs of bandwidth become more economical.

Project Results and Outcomes:

As of July 1, 2005, the following results were realized:

  • 47 sites migrated to H.323 videoconferencing – 100% of former H.320 sites
  • 13 new videoconferencing sites have been proposed
  • 33 colleges and the System Office (56% of college sites) have upgraded data service
  • 18 colleges realized a 40% increase in usable bandwidth through migration to H.323

Legislation Promoting Distance Learning

New legislation is making a significant impact on the NCCCS distance learning program.  This remarkable and visionary legislation has (1) established the importance of e-learning infrastructure, and (2) promoted collaboration among all North Carolina distance learning and e-learning providers that was not possible before.

The North Carolina E-Learning Commission

Established by Senate Bill 1052 (G.S. 115C-102.15), the Business Education Technology Alliance (BETA) created the North Carolina E-Learning Commission to address infrastructure, policy, instruction, and legislation requirements to enhance e-learning across North Carolina.  NCCCS staff members have participated with the NC E-Learning Commission to draft recommendations that address important areas for improvement; establishing a broadband data infrastructure, adopting standards-based learning technology, and supporting migration to scalable, consortium solutions to providing pre-K through 20 e-learning.

Senate Bill 622 (S. L. 2005-276)

The 2005 session of the North Carolina General Assembly enacted into law S.L. 2005-276 as follows:

“SECTION 9.5. Funds appropriated in this act to The University of North Carolina and the North Carolina Community College System for the UNC-NCCCS 2+2 E-Learning Initiative shall be used to fund further development of online courses for 2+2 programs.  Based on a mutually agreed upon decision by the State Board of Education Chairman, the President of the North Carolina Community College System, and the President of The University of North Carolina as to the areas of greatest need, funds are available to support joint technology development, systems to track student progress and articulation between a North Carolina community college and a University of North Carolina campus, and to develop technology to support online courses and 2+2 programs.”
Funds in the amount of $1 million (recurring) were allocated to the North Carolina Community College System (NCCCS) to implement this e-learning initiative.  A matching amount of $1million (non-recurring) funds was allocated to the University of North Carolina.  A committee of staff from both systems has collaboratively developed the strategies and scope of work.

Production of Programming

Teleconferences (tele-meetings) and videoconferences are produced and delivered to all 58community colleges, either by the NCIIN or satellite. In addition, new services from the North Carolina Office of Information Technology Service will complement and expand access to videoconferencing technology.  The first service makes possible digitizing and streaming of live teleconferences to anyone with a PC across the state or nation. A second service provides archiving of those digitized teleconferences enabling viewing of a teleconference on demand.  A third service provides “collaboration” applications by which an instructor or event originator can either share their computer desktop and associated PC applications with (up to)10 individuals or broadcast to hundreds.

The Virtual Learning Community—Web-based Courses

The North Carolina Community College System Virtual Learning Community (NCCCS VLC) is based on a collaborative model of colleges working jointly to provide quality instruction through Web-based technology. The Combined Virtual Course Library (CVCL) contains courses developed using a model that ensures both quality and flexibility while limiting course duplication.  The CVCL consists of Internet-based courses that have been collaboratively developed by faculty from member colleges.  The CVCL courses are based on a course template design model that includes competencies and content but allows flexibility in tailoring the courses to meet local needs.  Any member college may access and adapt any CVCL course following the same policies that govern the Combined Course Library course offerings.

The Educational Broadband Service (EBS) Project

During the summer of 2005, the FCC resolved to support educational use of ITFS frequencies and established the Educational Broadband Service to update use of these valuable frequencies to accommodate wireless Internet services supporting the educational sector across the United States.  When completed, the EBS network will provide broadband wireless connectivity to the Internet for 39 community colleges.  This network will provide a means of delivering the courses of the Virtual Learning Community. Contract negations are currently underway to solidify this network.

 The National Guard Project

The North Carolina National Guard (NCNG) and the North Carolina Community College System have a distance learning partnership that began in 1999.  This partnership facilitates the NCNG’s goal of having all of their personnel in the state, both military and civilian, within easy driving distance of a distance learning or telecommunications classroom.  Rather than placing these facilities in NCNG armories, they have chosen to place them in community colleges where the facilities can be used by the community colleges and other local, state, and federal agencies.  The NCNG pays for state of the art video and computer equipment, installation, and any needed room renovations.  There are nine such facilities in community colleges throughout the State.  There will be a National Guard network over which most of the military training will be done by military personnel.  Career enhancement training, for both military and civilian personnel of the NCNG, will be done over the state network (NCIIN).  As soon as security issues can be solved, the two networks can be interconnected.

N. C. Distance Learning Alliance Conference

The N.C. Distance Learning Alliance Conference is now in its twelfth year.  Originally called the NC Community College Distance Learning Conference, the conference merged with several related distance learning organizations to emerge as a K-20 resource for distance learning instructors, staff, and administrators.

Staff, from community colleges and the System Office, continue to assist the Distance Learning Alliance’s leadership in planning and implementation.  The Distance Learning Alliance represents public schools, community colleges, public and private colleges and universities, and the NC Virtual Public School.  The conference is a professional development activity that focuses on the utilization of all telecommunications or information technologies as a means of enhancing instructional services to the citizens of North Carolina.

NCCCS Strategic Distance Learning Plan

In July 2003, System Office staff began to develop a system wide strategic plan in reaction to the explosive growth of distance learning enrollment at North Carolina community colleges.  Enrollment projections, based on four previous years of growth consistently over 30% in distance learning courses, suggested immediate need for effective planning efforts to target distance learning expansion and support for the entire system.

The Plan was also needed to articulate a common vision and set of goals and objectives to facilitate the efforts of hundreds of distance learning instructors, support staff, and administrators.  The resulting Plan involved the participation of community college Presidents, System Office staff, and dozens of community college personnel.

The Vision for distance education within the North Carolina Community College System:
The North Carolina Community College System will assist its colleges in serving students who would otherwise be unserved, expanding learning opportunities, making instruction accessible, and using technology to supplement classroom instruction.  The Virtual Learning Community, supported by Learning Technology Systems, will provide hardware, software, content, and training to administrators and faculty within the North Carolina Community College System for their use in providing their students with Web based courses, telecourses, interactive video courses, and hybrid courses.

This plan expands upon the concepts of the Virtual Learning Community to include: Web-based course development; telecourse acquisition and publishing; interactive video course brokering; hybrid course development; hybrid course faculty training; and consortium purchasing and resource sharing.

The NCCCS Strategic Distance Learning Plan was approved by the North Carolina Community College Presidents’ Association, January 2004 and the North Carolina State Board of Community Colleges, February 2004.  The plan is currently under review.

 



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